The major hour of the divine office of the Roman Catholic rite sung before retiring for the night. A chanted compline begins with a versicle followed by three or four psalms (4, 31, 91, 134), each framed by the same antiphon (usually Miserere mihi). Then follows a hymn (Te lucis ante terminum), short Biblical reading ("capitulum") and a short responsory. Next comes the Canticle of Simeon, Nunc Dimittis. Spoken prayers ("Our Father," the Apostles’ Creed) may follow. The concluding versicle Benedicamus Domino is followed by one of the Marian votive antiphons. Compline is distinct from the other major hours be-cause it has few proper chants; antiphons change only according to the day of the week, and the same weekly set is sung throughout the year.
   See also Gregorian Chant; Vespers.

Historical dictionary of sacred music. . 2006.

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  • Compline — (  /ˈkɒm …   Wikipedia

  • Compline — • Scholarly essay on what is essentially a bedtime prayer, often recited privately Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Compline     Complin      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Compline — Com pline, Complin Com plin, n. [From OE. complie, OF. complie, F. complies, pl., fr. LL. completa (prop. fem. of L. completus) the religious exercise which completes and closes the service of the day. See {Complete}.] (Eccl.) The last division… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • compline — the last canonical service of the day, early 13c., cumplie, compelin, from O.Fr. complie (12c.), from L. completa (hora), from completus (see COMPLETE (Cf. complete)); with unexplained n …   Etymology dictionary

  • compline — or complin [käm′plən] n. [ME compli(n) < OFr complie < ML(Ec) completa (hora), completed (hour) < L completus: see COMPLETE] [often C ] the last of the seven canonical hours; night prayer: also complines or complins [com′plənz] …   English World dictionary

  • compline — noun Usage: often capitalized Etymology: Middle English compline, complie, from Anglo French cumplie, modification of Late Latin completa, from Latin, feminine of completus complete Date: 13th century the seventh and last of the canonical hours …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • compline —  ; night prayer    This word (from the Latin completus, meaning complete ) refers to the final set of daily prayers of the Liturgy of the Hours; compline or night prayer is usually recited or sung immediately before retiring …   Glossary of theological terms

  • compline — /kom plin, pluyn/, n. Eccles. the last of the seven canonical hours, or the service for it, originally occurring after the evening meal but now usually following immediately upon vespers. Also, complin /kom plin/. [1175 1225; ME comp(e)lin, equiv …   Universalium

  • compline — noun the last of the canonical hours, sung just before retiring …   Wiktionary

  • Compline — See Horarium …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases